In consideration to the connection between hypothyroidism and asthma, we should start with the theoretical methodological foundations – some digest the terminology.
What is hypothyroidism, hypothyroidism symptoms in women and what causes it?
Above all things, hypothyroidism is a disease caused by a deficient thyroid hormone in the body. This occurs most often as a consequence of the reduction or complete loss of thyroid function. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is detected on the background of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, namely thyroid inflammation associated with immune disorders or the formation of autoantibodies.
What happens in the body, together with the emergence of hypothyroidism? By reducing the amount of thyroid hormones is disrupted the body’s metabolism, worsens the work of the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract, mental and sexual activity.
The causes of hypothyroidism are reducing the amount of thyroid tissue after surgery or treatment with radioactive iodine, a violation of the synthesis of thyroid hormones, reducing the number of cells that produce thyroid hormones in vascular disorders, viral infections, injuries and brain tumors, and many more. It should also be noted that hypothyroidism is primary and secondary or hypothyroidism of central origin.
However, treatment of hypothyroidism symptoms in women involves two treatment options: medical and recovery, does not provide for the adoption of medicines.
What is asthma and what causes it?
As for bronchial asthma, it is a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract, manifested by attacks of breathlessness, which often are accompanied by a cough, and can develop into attacks of a dyspnea.This is a result of both the respiratory tract excessively respond to different stimuli. In response to the irritation they constrict and produce large amounts of mucus that disrupts the normal flow of air during breathing.
Since asthma is an autoimmune disease, it is able to lead to thyroid diseases, such as hypothyroidism, in particular. Furthermore, long-term nature of the disease, such as a year, the pathological process involves the thyroid gland. Of course, if there is a genetic predisposition to the development of allergies and autoimmune changes.
There are a number of risk factors that contribute to the emergence and development of asthma in certain individuals. This is primarily heredity, occupational and environmental factors, food, cleaning supplies and triggers or allergens and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Hypothyroidism and asthma – AND HOW THEY ARE CONNECTED?
Indeed, the question of the connection between the two diseases remains open to this day. Often there is an atypical, more severe course bronchial asthma in the background of hypothyroidism. Therefore, a prelim of the respiratory tract thyroid oversize causes irritation followed by bronchospasm leading to mechanical-reflex respiratory failure.
Patients with a large goiter and bronchial asthma observed severe asthma attacks, as noted earlier. Patients with hypothyroidism had a decrease in vital capacity of the lungs, damage to the central regulation of breathing by reducing the body’s need for oxygen and changes in the level of serotonin and histamine in brain regions involved in the control of breathing. Effect of hypothyroidism on lung function is determined by a combination of impaired patency of the upper respiratory tract with reduced permeability and severe clinical complications.
It must be acknowledged that the effect of hypothyroidism and asthma on the course bronchial asthma is large.
However, the features of each disease individually and collectively continue to be explored, many experiments are carried out in the course of research. And the results of such experiments, the researchers were able to come to something. Hypothyroidism has a strong influence on bronchial asthma by inhibiting some of its symptoms or amplifying them more than in isolated bronchial asthma. For example, there is hoarseness, although isolated bronchial asthma is rare.
It is also the occurrence of cough with muco-purulent sputum, manifested weakness and tremor of the hands, and as a consequence sweating. Again, these symptoms are alien to patients bronchial asthma patients only. However, at the same time in patients with hypothyroidism and patients bronchial asthma has been less loss of lung function.
Patients with co-morbidity are often diagnosed with certain complications in connection with which patients with hypothyroidism or with asthma complications only occurs at different levels of development. This shows the effect of hypothyroidism on unconditional asthma in comorbidity. But as mentioned above, this issue is still being studied and information about experiments are constantly being updated. Therefore, we must be ready for the new cognitive victories in this matter.